This chapter is describes methodology of the study in relation to selection of study area and study of population sections of sample size, method of data collection and methods of data analysis.
3.1 Selection of the Study Area
Boudha, Jorpati has been selected as a study area. This place is one of the highly industrialized areas, which attracts with the Gokarneshwar municipality. Most of the migrated people are living there and found the majority of the Tamang and Sherpa, although various castes/ethnic groups people are also living there. Tibetans carpet industries established from the initial time when the carpet weaving system just entered in Nepal. Nowadays, many registered as well as unregistered carpet factories are there on the run. Another reason for the selection of as research is due to the time and resource constraint of researcher.
3.2 Sources of Data
Two types of data are used in this study. They are primary and secondary data. The primary data are collected through field works with the help of questionnaire, interviews and participation observation. The secondary data are collected from various books, reports of various national and international organizations, journals and bulletins.
3.3 Research Design
In this research, descriptive design has been used with the help of various research tools and techniques. Primary and secondary data has been collected, analyzed and interpreted for the final presentation. This research design would yield more valid data as socio- economic condition of the child labourer situation of Boudha, Jorpati of Kathmandu district to study the problem outlined earlier and to achieve the objectives of the present study.
This study is based on the conflict theories. Conflict theories are perspective of soiciology and social psychology that emphasize a materialist interpretation of history, diatectical method of analysis, a critical stance toward existing social arrangements, and political program of revolution or, at least, reform. conflict theories draw attention to power differentials, such as class conflict, and generally contrast historically dominant ideologies. It is therefore a macro-level of analysis of society.
3.4 Sample Size
A total of 102 child labourers below 18 years age are taken as sample from 17 carpet factories of the study area. The sample populations of child labourers are categorized on the basis of age, gender, caste, and ethnic group for the study.
3.5 Methods of Data Collection
Both of primary and secondary data were collected for the study. The primary data were collected with the help of the following methods like:- field observation, household’s interviews, etc. The key information was collected by visiting factories and interviewing the respondents. (Child labourers).
3.6 Techniques for Data Analysis and Presentation
The raw data and information collected from the primary and secondary sources were loaded into the computer and tabulated as per the objectives of the study. As required data are presented in pie-chart, bar graph and tabular form which reflected clearly to the information. Simple statistical tools like average and percentage were also used where required.